Johannes Nider ( – ) was a German theologian and member of the Dominican order. His work Formicarius, published around , is an important. Dec 13, Johannes Nider’s Formicarius was a demonological treatise written during the Council of Basel in Switzerland. Nider’s treatise detailed the. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE WITCH-PERSECUTIONS. 1. WITCH-PERSECUTION IN THE EARLIER FIFTEENTH CENTURY. Nider, Formicarius, ed. of Augsburg.
No permission is granted for commercial use. I will relate to you some examples, which I have gained in part from the teachers of our faculty, in part from the experience of a certain upright secular judge, worthy of all faith, who from the torture and confession of witches and from his experiences in public and private has learned many things of this sort–a man with whom I have often discussed this subject broadly and deeply–to wit, Peter, a citizen of Bern, in the diocese of Lausanne, who has burned many Witches of both sexes, and has driven others out of the territory of the Bernese.
Unlike his successors, he did not emphasize the idea of the Witches’ Sabbath and was skeptical of the claim that witches could fly by night. Last year, while he was exercising his inquisitorial office in the city of Cologne, as he himself told me, he found in the neighborhood a certain maiden who always went about in a man’s dress, bore arms and dissolute garments like one of nobles’ retainers; she danced in dances with men, and was so given to feasting and drink that she seemed altogether to pass the nidwr of her sex, which she did not conceal.
The third book examines false visions and uses the fformicarius sizes and kinds of ants. This complex system of using ants as metaphors for various aspects of Christian belief and practice is only really addressed in the first few lines of each chapter, after which Nider focuses on whatever theme he means to address with almost no further reference to ants. Recently found by via Libri In this book of the Formicarius, Nider makes mention of the practice of witchcraft, dealings between witches and demons, gatherings of witches, and the association of magic with women 3.
Nider explained that females were capable of such acts by pointing out what formicatius considered their inferior physical, mental and moral capacity. Browse more rare books from the year Log in to the Medieval European History Archives users only.
Bullarium Romanum Taurinensis editiosub anno This particular copy of the Formicarius is located on the website of Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the Bavarian State Library.
This article related to a book about religion is a stub. The second book, dealing with revelations, was based on ants’ varied means of locomotion.
At last this Joan came to such a pitch of presumption that, before France had been yet recovered, she already sent threatening letters to the Bohemians, among whom there were then a multitude of heretics.
He distinguished himself as preacher and as inquisitor. For she always wore man’s dress, nor could all the persuasions of any doctors [of divinity] bend her to put these aside and content herself with woman’s garments, especially considering that she openly professed herself a woman and a maid.
“Johannes Nider” by Michael D. Bailey
Many of the stories relating to witchcraft take place in the Simme Valley and were told to Nider by Peter of Bernwho had conducted many witch trials in the region. Nider was formucarius of the first to transform the idea of sorcery to its more modern perception of witchcraft. This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat In Germany, especially, the Inquisitors charged with the task found themselves hampered by skepticism.
I subjoin here his account of St.
II. The Beginnings of the Witch-Persecutions.
With over 25 manuscript copies from fifteenth and early sixteenth century editions from the s tothe Formicarius is an important work for the study of the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europeas it sheds light on their earliest phase during the first half of the 15th century. A few leaves with manuscript marginalia. The Formicarius was the second book ever printed to discuss witchcraft, and is of great importance for the study of the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europe.
Others hold, as to this point, that for a time the promise made to the witch sentenced to imprisonment is to be kept, but that after a time she should be burned.
At this same time two women formiczrius near Paris, preaching publicly that they had been sent by God to njder Maid Joan; and, as I heard from the very lips of the aforesaid Master Nicolas, they were forthwith arrested as witches or sorceresses by the Inquisitor for France, and examined by many Doctors of Theology, and found at length to have been deceived by the ravings of the evil spirit.
But if, neither by threats nor by promises such as these, the witch can be induced to speak the truth, then the jailers must carry out the sentence, and torture the prisoner according to the accepted methods, with more or less of severity as the delinquent’s crime may demand. For there three things noder nature, which, if they transgress the limits of their own condition, whether by diminution or by excess attain to the highest pinnacle whether of goodness or of evil.
First, on a Sunday, before the holy water is consecrated, the future disciple with his masters must go into formicafius church, and there in their presence must renounce Christ and his faith, baptism, and the church universal. Additionally, each of the twelve chapters of each book was based on one of sixty conditions of ants’ lives.
He cites his informants: The Formicarius would formocarius functioned as a kind of preacher’s manual, with stories tailor-made for use in sermons.